Sunflower seeds have become commonplace in feed rooms. They are a rich source of fat that may promote skin health, a shiny coat, and perhaps even weight gain in horses.
Are all sunflower seeds the same? Of course not. Classic sunflower seeds, like those consumed at sporting events and used in the bakery industry, are non-oil seeds that aren’t typically fed to horses. Black oil sunflower seeds, are more commonly fed to horses due to their higher oil content, better digestibility, and lower cost. Black oil Sunflower seeds have thinner hulls that are held more tightly to the kernel when compared to the thicker, non-oil seeds. Thinner hulls make Black oil sunflower seeds easier for horses to chew and digest.
Are sunflower seeds safe for horses? The answer is yes, although ideal feeding rates have not been studied. Small amounts (2-4 oz/day, about 56-133 grams) are typically consumed by horses without complications and can provide some supplemental calories. Black oil sunflower seeds are even included as an ingredient in some commercial horse feeds.
Black Oil Sunflower Seeds contain 40-50% oil and are rich in omega-6 fatty acids. Omega-6 fatty acids are important for the inflammatory immune response and for cell integrity, the latter of which may support skin health. Because modern diets, especially those that contain concentrates, tend to be already high in omega-6s, the addition of omega-3s will help bring the balance of omegas into desirable proportion. To keep the omega-6 and omega-3 ratio in balance, an uptick in beneficial omega-3 fatty acids can be achieved through the addition of fish oil, like EO-3, to the diet. EO-3 contains direct sources of DHA and EPA, two important omega-3s.
The additional fat may help improve coat condition. In addition, sunflower oil is a rich source of vitamin E, a potent antioxidant. For horses that are not allowed to graze fresh pasture, it is always best to supplement with a natural-source vitamin E product, like Nano-E.
While Black oil sunflower seeds contain a considerable amount of protein, they are low in the essential amino acid lysine, which is necessary for growth. Therefore, Black sunflower seeds is a valued supplement but should not be the main dietary protein source.
Black oil sunflower seeds has become popular for supporting shiny coats and overall condition. In moderation, Black oil sunflower seeds can be a supplemental part of a balanced diet for the horse.
Sunflower seed is the acknowledged ‘King of the seeds’ for hook beaked birds.
It is high in protein and fats essential for maintaining optimum bird health.
Typical analysis: Protein 15.8%, Fat 31.4%, Fibre 20.6%
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